Children in EYFS are taught reading and writing skills through their daily phonics lessons, based on Letters and Sounds. The children are introduced to phonemes and the corresponding graphemes including digraphs and trigraphs throughout the year. At the same time they are taught the skills of blending to read and segmenting to spell. Through interactive games the children are able to read and spell CVC words before progressing to sentences. Through guided writing sessions the children are taught how to put these skills into practice in writing for a range of purposes and on themes which engage them, such as dinosaurs and mini-beasts.
Throughout the school day the children have opportunities to apply these skills in their ‘own learning time’. The children initiate their own activities and read and write in contexts that are meaningful to them, e.g. writing recipes and ingredients in the mud kitchen, labelling pictures, writing cards and stories and writing labels for models they have made.
Reading is an integral part of Year R daily life ranging from children’s own individual reading books and library books to share at home with family, to group and class story times with opportunities to discuss characters and predict how stories might end to reading for a purpose to find out information.